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Why life insurance is cheaper for women

11-Mar-2020

Until a few years ago, the income tax slab rates for men and women were different; the basic exemption limit for women was slightly higher. Even now, many states charge a lower stamp duty rate from women if a property is being registered in their names. While these were social welfare moves by the government, financial institutions also price some products differently for women. Some of these benefit women but others don’t, as the pricing is based on their risk perception in terms of life expectancy, health parameters and attitude towards money.

We tell you how banks and insurance companies perceive women in terms of risk and how that affects the pricing of their products for them.

Lending rates

Typically, there is no difference in criteria, when it comes to evaluating the loan eligibility of a man or a woman borrower. “For all loan applications, irrespective of the gender, lenders consider income, credit score, age, job profile, employer and location of the applicant," said Radhika Binani, chief product officer, Paisabazaar.com, an online marketplace for loans and credit cards.

For instance, in case of a home loan, State Bank of India offers a concession of 5 basis points (bps) in home loan rates to women borrowers. One bps is one-hundredth of a percentage point. Similarly, Canara Bank offers 0.50% concession in the rate of interest for girl students in the case of education loan.

There are various factors that insurance companies consider before issuing you a policy. “Insurance companies work on risk-based pricing, which assesses the insured for morbidity risk, mortality risk and/or accidents," said Shreeraj Deshpande, chief operating officer, Future Generali India Insurance Co. Ltd.

Given that these factors vary for men and women, the premium rates are also different for them. For instance, for a 36-year-old non-smoker male, ICICI Prudential Life Insurance Co. Ltd is offering a term insurance of 1 crore for the next 40 years at a premium of 15,983 per annum; with other things remaining constant, a woman will have to pay 13,943 per annum, 12.76% lower than a man, for the same policy. This is because the life expectancy figure is higher for women.

“Research has also shown that women tend to have more chronic conditions and tend to visit doctors more frequently. Reproductive health-related claims, including maternity claims, would need to be factored in while deciding the health insurance premiums," added Brahmajoysula. This is why some health insurance companies have a higher premium for women compared to men.

As a result there is a huge difference between the premium charged for a critical insurance policy from men and women. For instance, HDFC ERGO General Insurance Co. offers a critical insurance policy (especially for cancer) with a sum insured of 50 lakh at a premium of 6,879 per annum to a non-smoker man aged between 36 and 40; all things remaining constant, for the same policy, a woman will have to pay 16,918 per annum, which is 146% more than the premium for a man.

Source : Live Mint

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